Why the fight in northern Syria is pivotal

BEIRUT -- Across a narrow strip of border territory near the Euphrates River, a ferocious battle with huge implications for Syria's civil war is playing out, one that also risks erupting into a regional conflict.

See Full Article

The fight for control of Aleppo pulls in all the major players in Syria's civil war over a prized strip of rebel-held land near the Turkish border.

A look at this stretch of territory sometimes referred to as the Azaz corridor:


The area is a nearly 100-kilometre (60-mile) border zone stretching from Azaz in the west to the town of Jarablus near the Euphrates River, down to the northern suburbs of Aleppo city. The zone is wedged between Kurdish-controlled areas to the east and west. It includes Azaz and Marea, two strongholds of Turkey-backed rebels fighting to topple President Bashar Assad; and Jarablus, al-Bab and Manbij, held by the Islamic State group. Syrian government troops, backed by Hezbollah and Iranian forces, are pushing toward the north from around Tel Rifaat. Warplanes from the U.S.-led coalition pound IS-held areas in the zone, while Russia, a key Assad backer, bombs the rebels.


The outcome of the fight in Aleppo may to a large extent determine the outcome of the 5-year-old conflict. This is because the town of Azaz, with its border crossing of Bab al-Salameh, has been a lifeline for the opposition since it fell into rebel hands in 2012. A route known as the Azaz corridor links rebel-held eastern Aleppo with Turkey. If the rebels lose this corridor, they would effectively lose Aleppo. The entire border with Turkey would be sealed off, its control shifting to anti-Turkish Syrian government or Kurdish forces.


Kurdish fighters, who have been the most successful in the war against IS and are allied with both the U.S. and Russia, control most of the 910-kilometre (565-mile) boundary with Turkey, interrupted only by a patch of rebel- and IS-held land. They are taking advantage of the chaos to advance and try to link the two enclaves they control to the east and west. They have advanced eastward from Afrin and from the west to the edge of Azaz, triggering alarm in Ankara, which responded with artillery on Kurdish positions. Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu on Monday vowed the "harshest reaction" should the Kurdish People's Protection Units, or YPG, advance on Azaz, a town near the border held by anti-Assad rebels. The Kurds are also preparing to move in on IS-held areas, starting with Jarablus just east of the Euphrates.


Turkey has for years lobbied the international community for a no-fly zone in this strip of territory along its border -- a plan that opens the possibility of a safe haven for tens of thousands of displaced Syrians. Washington has long rejected that, fearing it would draw U.S. forces further into the civil war. Last year, the U.S. and Turkey announced they would create an IS-free zone in the area, but that idea went nowhere. Turkey is still toying with the idea of a ground incursion to secure the area, but a Turkish official said Tuesday there will be no unilateral ground operation. He spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to talk publicly on the issue. Saudi Arabia has said it also is ready to send ground troops to Syria to fight IS and is sending warplanes to an air base in Turkey near the border.


The fighting in Aleppo has sent tens of thousands of people fleeing toward the Turkish border, where they sleep in tents and open fields. It also has disrupted aid deliveries, putting more civilians at risk of being completely cut off. Aid groups estimate that more than 100,000 people have left Aleppo in the past two weeks because of fears the city would become besieged. Fears of more refugees flowing into Europe may change perspectives. German Chancellor Angela Merkel on Monday backed the idea of a no-fly zone in Syria to protect civilians who might otherwise flee the country.


Latest Canada & World News

  • Funerals Wednesday for Niagara men killed last week in plane crash

    Canada News CBC News
    Funerals will be held Wednesday in St. Catharines for two young Niagara Region men who died in a plane crash in Pennsylvania last week. Friends and family of Corey Mijac, 18, will be gathering Wednesday morning for a service. Source
  • 7-year-old received capsule of pills from toy dispenser

    World News CTV News
    ROCHESTER, N.H. — Police in New Hampshire say a 7-year-old girl inserted coins into a toy dispenser and received a plastic capsule filled with medications for blood pressure and kidney stones. Rochester Police Capt. Source
  • Couple on trial for luring, abusing, killing women in Germany

    World News CTV News
    BERLIN -- A couple accused of luring women to their home in western Germany and abusing them so badly that two of them died went on trial Wednesday, charged with murder by omission and bodily harm. Source
  • Fires broke out amid evacuation of French migrant camp

    World News CTV News
    CALAIS, France -- Firefighters have doused several dozen fires set by migrants as they left the makeshift camp where they have been living near the northern French city of Calais. Steve Barbet, spokesman for the regional prefecture, said Wednesday that one migrant was slightly injured and taken to the Calais hospital. Source
  • Tents, shelters set ablaze as Calais migrant camp clearance resumes

    World News CBC News
    Migrants set more tents and shelters ablaze at the large migrant camp in Calais on Wednesday as others queued to be relocated and authorities resumed clearing the camp.CBC IN CALAIS | Evicting migrants: Calais's never-ending operationCrews start dismantling French camp while migrants remainLocal opposition to the squalid and unsanitary camp, sometimes referred to as the 'jungle,' which at one point housed more than 6,000 people, along with criticism from right-wing politicians, has stung the…
  • 3 Vietnamese sailors freed by Somali pirates return home

    World News CTV News
    HANOI, Vietnam -- Three Vietnamese sailors who were held hostage by Somali pirates for more than four years returned home Tuesday, with one father expressing happiness at seeing a son he hadn't heard from in three years. Source
  • Iraqi forces evacuate 1,000 civilians from Mosul front lines

    World News CTV News
    KHAZER, Iraq -- Iraqi special forces have moved more than 1,000 people from villages near the front lines of the battle to retake the Islamic State-held city of Mosul and surrounding areas, where the UN says militants have committed a number of atrocities in recent days, officials said Wednesday. Source
  • Philippine leader Duterte says he wants foreign troops out

    World News CTV News
    TOKYO -- Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte, speaking in a country that hosts 50,000 U.S. troops, said Wednesday that he wants his country to be free of foreign troops, possibly within two years. "I want to be friends to China," he told an audience of businesspeople in Tokyo. Source
  • Afghan official: Taliban insurgents abduct, kill 20 people

    World News CTV News
    KABUL -- Taliban insurgents have killed at least 20 Afghan civilians after abducting them in the remote central province of Ghor the previous day, officials said Wednesday. The slain civilians were from a group of 33 taken by the militants near the provincial capital of Ferozkoh, according to Ziauddin Saqib, the deputy provincial police chief. Source
  • Afghan official: Taliban insurgents abduct, kill 26 people

    World News CTV News
    KABUL -- Taliban insurgents on Wednesday killed 26 Afghan civilians after abducting them in the remote central province of Ghor the previous day, officials said, the latest brutal attack targeting the local population on one of the country's most lawless areas. Source