U.S. responses to North Korea missile tests thought to upset China

WASHINGTON - North Korean nuclear and rocket tests are drawing quick responses from the U.S. that will upset a supposed partner against Pyongyang's weapons development - China.

See Full Article

New efforts to toughen South Korea's missile defence system and sanctions legislation moving swiftly through Congress could both hurt Chinese interests. The Chinese are concerned the missile defence system could be used against them, and the U.S. sanctions could hit Chinese companies that trade with North Korea.

The U.S. and China both oppose North Korea's development of nuclear weapons and have characterized it as an issue they co-operate on, even though China is an old ally of the North. But a Jan. 6 underground nuclear explosion and Sunday's rocket launch that world leaders called a test of ballistic missile technology have exposed stark differences between Washington and Beijing on how to deal with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un's provocations.

Beijing is reluctant to impose stiff economic sanctions, fearing a collapse of North Korea's economy and a flight of refugees across the border into China. But even if the UN Security Council can't agree on the kind of tough measures that Washington wants, the U.S. can act on its own to pressure Pyongyang.

For some time, the U.S. has been nudging its close ally South Korea toward allowing the deployment of the Terminal High-Altitude Area Defence, or THAAD, missile defence system on its soil. Seoul, which hosts 28,500 U.S. forces, has been reluctant to initiate talks on the system that could hurt its improving relations with Beijing.

But soon after North Korea on Sunday launched a rocket carrying an Earth observation satellite into space, the U.S. and South Korea announced they were looking into a possible THAAD deployment.

"We would like to see this move as quickly as possible," Pentagon Press Secretary Peter Cook told reporters Monday. He said consultations would begin within days.

China was quick to make its displeasure known. In a commentary Monday, China's state-run Xinhua news agency said a deployment could trigger a regional arms race.

"It would be unwise for the United States to act arbitrarily in disregard of international opposition just to serve its own interests of carrying out its 'Pivot to Asia' strategy," the commentary said, referring to President Barack Obama's effort to increase the U.S. presence in the Asia-Pacific region, in part to counter the rise of China.

Cook said a THAAD deployment would be directed solely at North Korea and no other country should be concerned. But critics including Theodore Postol, a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, have said the system could help U.S. radar spot missiles from China.

On the economic front, the U.S. sanctions legislation could also cause discomfort in Beijing, which is North Korea's main trading partner and source of economic support.

On Wednesday, the Senate is expected to pass the North Korea Sanctions and Policy Enhancement Act that aims to expand and tighten economic restrictions to block the Kim regime's access to hard currency, targeting both North Korean entities and companies in other countries like China that deal with them.

The House of Representatives last month passed a version of the bill amid frustration that U.S. policy has failed to stop Pyongyang's progress toward having a nuclear-tipped missile that could hit the U.S. West Coast. The bill has strong bipartisan support in both chambers of Congress.

The legislation requires an investigation and then imposition of sanctions on any person that "knowingly" engages in prohibited activities, ranging from importing weapons technology to "cyber terrorism." In the Senate version, trading precious metals or coal that is linked to North Korea's ruling party or armed forces is also forbidden.

Marcus Noland, an expert on North Korea at the Peterson Institute for International Economics, said that measure could implicate state-owned Chinese companies which trade with North Korea. He said such companies may not do a lot of business in the U.S., but blacklisting them would cause diplomatic problems with China.

He said that China might even try to challenge such an action by the U.S. at the World Trade Organization.

Joseph DeThomas, a former senior State Department official who advised on Iran and North Korea, played down expectations that new U.S. sanctions would have a dramatic impact.

The secretive nature of North Korea's business dealings and its isolation from the world economy means that good evidence of sanctions violations is infrequent, and the evidence must then pass a rigorous, internal U.S. government review, he said.

The executive would also have some discretion over implementation of the legislation if it is ultimately signed into law by Obama.

Still, the legislation would elevate the stakes, as the U.S. and China, which fought on opposite sides in the 1950-53 Korean War, grapple with a North Korea which appears impervious to diplomatic pressure and intent on building a bigger nuclear arsenal.

"There are a lot of Chinese chips on the table here," said DeThomas, now professor of international affairs at Pennsylvania State University.

"Is there a way for the U.S. and China to act together to deal with the North Korea problem or are we heading toward a parting of the ways which will pose a lot of risks to both sides?"



Advertisements

Latest Canada & World News

  • Far-right groups hurting Quebec's image internationally, minister says

    Canada News CTV News
    Quebec's international reputation is taking a hit due to the increased visibility of homegrown far-right groups, the province's international relations minister said Wednesday. The province must continue to project an image "openness," despite the actions of far-right nationalists, Christine St-Pierre told reporters before a cabinet meeting. Source
  • Quebec minister: Far-right groups hurting province's image

    Canada News Toronto Sun
    Quebec’s international reputation is taking a hit due to the increased visibility of homegrown far-right groups, the province’s international relations minister said Wednesday. The province must continue to project an image “openness,” despite the actions of far-right nationalists, Christine St-Pierre told reporters before a cabinet meeting. Source
  • University librarian suffers stroke after Charlottesville protest injury

    World News Toronto Sun
    University of Virginia librarian Tyler Magill was among the counter-protesters surrounded by torch-bearing white supremacists Friday night at the school’s famous Thomas Jefferson statue. On Sunday, Magill was shouting down and disrupting a press conference by Jason Kessler, who organized Saturday’s so-called Unite the Right rally that devolved into violence, including the death of 32-year-old Heather Heyer. Source
  • 5 missing after U.S. Army helicopter goes down, items found

    World News Toronto Sun
    HONOLULU — A multi-agency team scoured the ocean off Hawaii on Wednesday for five people aboard an Army helicopter that went down during a nighttime training exercise. Officials at Wheeler Army Airfield near Honolulu reported losing communications around 10 p.m. Source
  • Newfoundland's Chase the Ace draw reaches $1.4 million with 10 cards remaining

    Canada News CTV News
    Newfoundland’s newest millionaire could be declared tonight at a Chase the Ace draw worth $1.4 million, a massive jackpot that’s been steadily growing since last October. Hundreds of hopefuls turned up in the Goulds neighbourhood of St. Source
  • Family settles with PETA after removal, death of girl's dog

    World News Toronto Sun
    NORFOLK, Va. — A family has settled a lawsuit against the People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals for taking a girl’s unattended dog and euthanizing it, ending an attempt to effectively put PETA on trial for euthanizing hundreds of animals each year. Source
  • The alt-right? They’re alt-Reich

    Canada News Toronto Sun
    A so-called “Unite the Right” rally in Charlottesville, Virginia last weekend ended in violence and tragedy. There were many groups in attendance — on the left and the right — and while both sides engaged in violence, the alt-right has blood on its hands. Source
  • U.S. doctor identified as victim of Vancouver tour bus crash

    Canada News CTV News
    A Massachusetts hospital group says one of its doctors was struck by a bus while on vacation with his family in Canada and killed. The chief executive physician at Baystate Health in Springfield said in a statement to The Republican newspaper that Dr. Source
  • Alabama sues Birmingham for boarding up Confederate statue

    World News Toronto Sun
    BIRMINGHAM, Ala. — Alabama’s attorney general is suing the City of Birmingham and its mayor for obscuring a Confederate monument in a downtown park. Legislators passed a law earlier this year prohibiting the removal of historical structures including rebel memorials. Source
  • Arctic explorer's ship to return to Norway after 90 years in Nunavut

    Canada News CTV News
    CAMBRIDGE BAY, Nunavut -- Nearly 90 years after she sank into Nunavut's Arctic seabed, the ship that took famed explorer Roald Amundsen on his second polar expedition is finally ready to sail back home to Norway. Source