Fukushima chief says 'no textbook' for cleanup

TOKYO — The man leading the daunting task of dealing with the Fukushima nuclear plant that sank into meltdowns in northeastern Japan warns with surprising candour: Nothing can be promised.

See Full Article

How long will it take to decommission the three breached reactors, and how will it be accomplished, when not even robots have been able to enter the main fuel-debris areas so far? How much will it ultimately cost? Naohiro Masuda, tapped last year as chief of decontamination and decommissioning for plant owner Tokyo Electric Power Co., acknowledges he is a long way from answering those questions definitively.

"This is something that has never been experienced. A textbook doesn't exist for something like this," Masuda told The Associated Press in an interview at TEPCO's Tokyo headquarters Monday.

It's only recently the daily situation at Fukushima Dai-ichi has even started to approach "normal," he said. Since the March 2011 meltdowns, TEPCO has had to face one huge challenge after another, including storing masses of leaking radioactive water, clearing up rubble and removing fuel rods from a crumbled building.

"Before, it was a war zone," Masuda said quietly.

Masuda's approach contrasts with the sometimes ambitious, sometimes wishful announcements by the Japanese government, which pronounced the disaster "under control" as early as late 2011, just months after a devastating tsunami knocked out power to the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear plant, setting off the meltdowns.

But in June, the government and TEPCO acknowledged the target dates in the official "roadmap" for decommissioning had to be pushed back by about two years. Now even the most optimistic projections estimate the work will take about half a century.

Masuda said without hesitation that more delays could be in order. No one knows exactly where the melted nuclear debris is sitting in the reactors, let alone how exactly the debris might be taken out. Computer simulation and speculative images are all he has so far.

New science will have to be invented for the plant to be cleaned up. Each step of the way, safety and consequences must be weighed, for workers and for the environment alike, Masuda added.

Under the latest plan, the removal of the fuel debris is expected to start within a decade. Still, Masuda likened such goals to reminders not to slack off, rather than hard deadlines based on real-life assessments.

The March 2011 catastrophe is unprecedented. Unlike the 1979 partial meltdown at Three Mile Island in the U.S., the containment, where the morass of fuel lies, has been breached at Fukushima Dai-ichi plant. Radioactive water is piling up: 300 tons a day by the latest count. And as devastating as the 1986 Chernobyl disaster was in what is now Ukraine, that involved one reactor, not three.

When asked about what he wanted to tell the people worried about contaminated fish, such as on the West Coast of North and South America, Masuda said the radiation leak into the Pacific Ocean has been reduced to a level one-millionth of what it was in 2011.

That's equivalent to what is deemed safe for drinking water, he said. Some radiation will continue to leak through rainfall, because rainwater will pick up radiation from the plant grounds, and some of it will eventually fall into the ocean.

"They don't need to worry, and, if there is anything to worry about, we will be out with that information," he said.

Masuda, who has worked for TEPCO for more than 30 years, won praise for preventing meltdowns or explosions at Fukushima Dai-ni, a sister plant that also lost electricity after the 2011 tsunami. As then head of Dai-ni, Masuda acted quickly and decisively, leading his team, despite the chaos unfolding, to connect the reactors to surviving power sources.

His company's image is much different. TEPCO's reputation in the Japanese public eye was badly tarnished because of its bumbling response in the early days of the disaster.

The utility has undergone a public bailout and has readied 2 trillion yen ($17 billion) for decommissioning. The Japanese government has earmarked 54 billion yen ($446 million) of public funds for researching decommissioning technology through this fiscal year.

Such money doesn't include compensation or damage lawsuits. The Fukushima catastrophe spewed radiation into the air, ocean and surrounding areas through hydrogen explosions, and displaced some 100,000 people.

The way TEPCO is spending money has drawn some criticism from experts abroad. Unlike the U.S. system, there is no open bid or escrow fund in Japan to dole out the massive decommissioning funds.

Much of the work is going to the Japanese manufacturers that constructed the plants, such as Toshiba Corp. and Hitachi Inc., under long-term contracts. Some outside international consultants are involved, and some foreign companies have gotten water-decontamination and other contracts.

Akira Tokuhiro, an American and nuclear expert who teaches at the University of Idaho, supports an open bidding process that invites more international expertise. He noted that Japan has no, or very little, decommissioning experience, compared to the Americans, the French and the Russians.

"An international effort has the potential to reduce both time and cost, while maintaining safety, transparency and cost," he said.

Douglas Chapin, of MPR, a U.S. nuclear engineering organization that has advised the American and Japanese nuclear industries, was less critical, defending the Japanese method as simply different.

Masuda said awarding contracts without opening bidding is what's best for Fukushima, and that TEPCO needs to take primary responsibility.

"We don't think competition is beneficial as that will mean people doing the work will keep changing," he said. "The system we have is better."

But Masuda also acknowledged that Japan has not done as good a job as it should have on relaying the harsh realities at the plant. He said it's his mission to relay all information, the good and the bad.

"When I took this job, I promised to work as an interpreter, to relay our work in a way that's understandable to regular people, and to communicate within the company what people are interested in and worried about," he said.

"If the interpreter is good, the conversation will be lively. If the interpreter is good, dialogue will follow."



Advertisements

Latest Canada & World News

  • Reality TV, porn jobs all that's been offered to ex-NAACP leader Rachel Dolezal

    World News Toronto Sun
    The former Spokane, Wash., NAACP leader who resigned in 2015 amid criticism that she was passing herself off as black says she is near homelessness. Rachel Dolezal tells Britain’s The Guardian newspaper that she cannot find a job and the only work she has been offered is in reality TV and porn. Source
  • CSIS saw 'no high privacy risks' with metadata crunching: internal report

    Canada News CBC News
    The national spy service saw little risk to the personal privacy of Canadians in a self-penned evaluation of its secret data-crunching centre — a shadowy program now at the centre of intense controversy, newly released documents show. Source
  • German man held in Rome jail after wife vanishes during Mediterranean cruise

    World News CTV News
    ROME -- An Italian lawyer says his German client is being held for investigation of murder after his wife vanished during a Mediterranean cruise. Preliminary investigative Judge Maria Paola Tomaselli questioned Daniel Belling in Regina Coeli jail in Rome on Friday and ordered him held while investigators probe the disappearance of Li Yinglei, who is Chinese. Source
  • Dylann Roof's jurors worship at church where he massacred 9

    World News CTV News
    CHARLESTON, S.C. -- The jurors who sentenced Dylann Roof to death for the racist massacre of nine black church members quietly visited the Charleston house of worship weeks later for a Sunday service. In a newspaper opinion piece, the 18 jurors and alternates said Emanuel AME pastor the Rev. Source
  • Doctors 'should interact with kids and their families about smoking,' Canadian task force says

    Canada News CBC News
    Primary-care doctors need to take a more active role in preventing young Canadians from starting smoking and helping those who have already taken up the habit to butt out for good, says a group of experts that develops clinical practice guidelines. Source
  • 'Always opt for stuffed crust': Couple caught having sex in pizza shop

    World News Toronto Sun
    A hungry — and horny — couple made the most of some down time while waiting for their Domino’s pizza to be made. The British pair were caught on closed circuit video having sex inside the Domino’s store, just inches from the counter, as they waited for their pie. Source
  • Trump warns health care system will 'implode' unless fixed

    World News CTV News
    WASHINGTON -- U.S. President Donald Trump warned Monday that the nation's health care system was in danger of imploding and said Congress must make fundamental changes to the sweeping health law passed by his predecessor. Source
  • Police find 3 dismembered bodies in southern Mexico

    World News CTV News
    MEXICO CITY - Police in Mexico's southern state of Guerrero have found three dismembered bodies on the side of a highway. Pieces of the hacked-up, decapitated bodies were found in bags alongside the main highway in the state capital, Chilpancingo. Source
  • Two pilots killed: No recorders on aircraft that crashed near Calgary

    Canada News CTV News
    EDMONTON - An accident investigator says it will be challenging to determine exactly what caused a plane crash that killed two flight instructors from Calgary's Mount Royal University. Fred Burow, with the Transportation Safety Board, says the aircraft wasn't carrying -- nor was it required to carry -- a cockpit voice recorder or a flight data recorder. Source
  • Town that voted overwhelmingly for Donald Trump backs detained immigrant

    World News Toronto Sun
    WEST FRANKFORT, ILL. - A southern Illinois community that solidly backed President Donald Trump is rallying behind a Mexican restaurant manager who doesn’t have legal permission to live in the U.S. and has been detained. Juan Carlos Hernandez Pacheco has been the manager of La Fiesta Mexican Restaurant in roughly 8,000-person West Frankfort for a decade. Source