Lower returns and bigger price swings expected in 2016

NEW YORK -- Investing is becoming more of a grind. Expect it to stay that way.

Analysts, mutual-fund managers and other forecasters are telling investors to expect lower returns from stocks and bonds in 2016 than in past years.

See Full Article

They're also predicting more severe swings in prices. Remember that 10 per cent drop for stocks that freaked investors out in August? It likely won't take another four years for the next one.

The good news is that few economists are predicting a recession in 2016. That means stocks and other investments can avoid a sustained slide and keep grinding higher, analysts say. Next year is expected to look more like this year, with gyrating stock prices on track to end close to where they started, than the bull market's euphoric earlier years like 2013 and its 32 per cent surge in the Standard & Poor's 500 index.

"You have to be realistic and think the outsized runs we've had -- in 2013, for instance -- are pretty unlikely," said Mike Barclay, portfolio manager at the Columbia Dividend Income mutual fund. "Trees don't grow to the sky."

The list of reasons for muted expectations is long. Economic growth around the world remains frustratingly weak, and earnings growth for big U.S. companies has stalled. Stock prices aren't cheap when measured against corporate earnings, unlike the early years of this bull market. The Federal Reserve also just lifted short-term interest rates for the first time in nearly a decade. Besides making all kinds of markets more volatile, higher rates could also hurt prices of bonds in investors' and mutual funds' portfolios.

The investment-bank Barclays gave this succinct title on its 100-page outlook report for 2016: "Curb your expectations."

While it's worth knowing the general sentiment on Wall Street, it's also worth remembering financial forecasters have a spotty record for accuracy.

Analysts cite a long list of risks that could upend their forecasts. Investments could tank if an unexpected spike in inflation rips through the global economy, for example, or if the slowdown in the world's second-largest economy, China, ends up even more severe than feared.

But there is some comfort in the subdued forecasts -- they are a sign that the greed and mania characteristic of past market peaks, such as the dot-com bubble, may not be a problem.

"We think investors will be rewarded over the next five to 10 years with decent inflation-adjusted returns," said Joe Davis, global head of the investment strategy group at mutual-fund giant Vanguard. "That said, they will likely pale in comparison to the strong returns we've had over the last five."

Here's a look at how analysts see investments shaping up in 2016:

U.S. STOCKS

Corporate profit growth hit a wall this year, as plunging prices of oil and metals slammed energy and raw-material producers, the stronger dollar hurt exporters, and economic growth remained tepid. Analysts expect profits to stabilize next year, but companies across many industries are groping for revenue growth amid the still-slow global economy.

Stocks in the S&P 500 are no longer cheap relative to their earnings, the most common gauge of stock prices. The index is trading at 17.2 times its earnings over the last 12 months, higher than its average of 14.5 over the last decade. A measure that looks at price and longer-term earnings trends popularized by economist Robert Shiller, a Nobel prize winner, is also more expensive than its historical average.

These already high stock prices leave little room for them to rise further without some impetus from the economy or better profits.

Investors should also brace for dips. The market's big drop in August was so rattling because it hadn't happened since October 2011, an abnormally long time. Since World War II, investors have been hit with drops of at least 10 per cent every 19 months, on average.

Goldman Sachs strategists are forecasting the S&P 500 will end 2016 at 2,100, which would be a 4 per cent rise from Monday's close of 2,021. Barclays expects the index to rise 9 per cent, and Deutsche Bank expects it to rise 11 per cent.

All would be a step down from past results. The S&P 500 gained 15 per cent annually on average from 2009 through 2014, not including dividends.

FOREIGN STOCKS

Investors have a strong yen for foreign stocks. They poured a net $208 billion into international stock funds in the last year, while pulling $56 billion from U.S. stock funds.

One reason for the migration is that investors want to make their portfolios look more like the broad market. Foreign stocks make up about half the world's market value but are often just a sliver of 401(k) portfolios.

Also, central banks in Europe, Japan and elsewhere are pumping stimulus into their economies to drive growth, when the Federal Reserve is moving in the opposite direction.

And earnings growth in Europe and other regions looks to be accelerating more strongly. Dale Winner, portfolio manager at the Wells Fargo Advantage International Equity fund, expects profits for European companies to grow in the neighbourhood of 15 per cent. For U.S. companies, meanwhile, he's expecting close to zero growth.

Investing in foreign stocks, though, can introduce new risks. Changes in the value of currencies can skew returns, and growth from country to country can be uneven. For example as China shifts its economy toward consumer spending and away from heavy industry, it is hurting Brazil and others that produce the commodities that China used to be so voracious for.

BONDS

One of bond investors' biggest fears has arrived, now that the Fed's raising rates again.

Prices of bonds in mutual-fund portfolios drop when rates rise, because their yields are less attractive than those of newly issued bonds. But analysts say Armageddon isn't arriving, even though critics have long warned about a "bond bubble."

Most importantly, the Fed plans to increase short-term rates slowly and by very small increments. "Lower for longer" has become a mantra among bond investors. Longer-term rates, meanwhile, depend not just on where the Fed is heading but also inflation, and many investors don't see it getting out of hand.

Higher interest rates also mean bond investors will eventually be rewarded with higher income. Many analysts say that those rising bond income payments could offset the gradual decline in bond prices enough to produce positive -- albeit modest -- total returns.



Advertisements

Latest Economic News

  • Car rental companies agree to pay $1.25M penalty for advertising impossible discounts

    Economic CBC News
    Two of Canada's largest car rental companies have agreed to pay $1.25 million in penalties for falsely advertising discount prices that are essentially impossible to obtain. Canada's Competition Bureau has reached what it calls a "consent agreement" with Hertz and Dollar Thrifty whereby both companies will pay penalties totalling $1.25 million and "ensure their advertising complies with the law and implement new procedures aimed at preventing advertising issues in the future. Source
  • Guide to 'fake news' wins $30,000 National Business Book Award

    Economic CTV News
    TORONTO -- A timely guide to distinguishing fact from fiction in the era of "fake news" was announced Monday as the winner of the $30,000 National Business Book Award. Neuroscientist Daniel J. Levitin said he was prompted to write "A Field Guide to Lies: Critical Thinking in the Information Age" (Allen Lane Canada) as a response to the "Balkanization of the news over the last 15 years. Source
  • Montreal couple hid winning $55M lottery ticket in daughter's toy box

    Economic CTV News
    MONTREAL -- A Montreal couple who won $55 million in a lottery jackpot hid the winning ticket in their daughter's toy box over the weekend. Nathalie Langlais and Gilles Rosnen picked up their winnings at Loto-Quebec headquarters in Montreal on Monday, three days after the Lotto Max draw. Source
  • Capital markets not a place for 2nd chances, OSC lawyers tell Drabinsky hearing

    Economic CBC News
    Lawyers for Ontario's securities regulator said today in their closing statements that Garth Drabinsky, who defrauded investors of an estimated $500 million, should not be allowed to participate in the capital markets. Pamela Foy, senior litigation counsel with the Ontario Securities Commission, says the capital markets are not the place for second chances and the commission cannot allow Drabinsky to be in a position where he could do more damage. Source
  • Luxury shoe brand Jimmy Choo goes up for sale

    Economic CTV News
    LONDON -- Shares in Jimmy Choo have leapt 11 per cent after its board put the luxury shoe brand up for sale. The gains bring the market value of the firm that began in east London to over 700 million pounds ($896 million). Source
  • Hertz and Thrifty to pay $1.25M fine following probe into their advertising

    Economic CTV News
    OTTAWA - Car rental companies Hertz Canada Ltd. and Dollar Thrifty Automotive Group Canada Inc. have agreed to pay a total of $1.25 million in penalties following an investigation into their advertising by the federal Competition Bureau. Source
  • U.S. Supreme Court rejects GM appeal to block ignition switch lawsuits

    Economic CBC News
    The United States Supreme Court has turned away an appeal from General Motors Co. seeking to block dozens of lawsuits over faulty ignition switches that could expose the company to billions of dollars in additional claims. Source
  • Qatar Airways sees 'manageable' decline in flights to U.S.

    Economic CTV News
    DUBAI, United Arab Emirates -- The CEO of one of the Middle East's largest carriers said Monday passenger numbers to the United States have dipped slightly over fears by some Muslim passengers that their visas may be rejected upon arrival, but expressed confidence in President Donald Trump as a "very good businessman. Source
  • Extra EI help to hard-hit regions tops $1 billion, surpassing budget estimates

    Economic CTV News
    OTTAWA -- The federal government says it has paid out more than $1 billion in extra employment insurance benefits to out-of-work Canadians in the hardest-hit economic regions of the country, blowing past what the Liberals estimated the program would cost. Source
  • Home Capital says founder Gerald Soloway to leave board, CFO to change role

    Economic CBC News
    Home Capital Group Inc. said Monday that two people named in an Ontario Securities Commission action against the company will be moving out of their roles. The embattled mortgage lender said chief financial officer Robert Morton will shift out of that role after the company files its first-quarter results. Source