Climate quick facts: How Canada stacks up when it comes to emissions

Governments have adopted a global agreement that for the first time asks all countries to reduce or rein in their greenhouse gas emissions.

See Full Article

Canada generates less than two per cent of the world's greenhouse gas emissions, but is one of the highest emitters in the world per person, due to the country's size, the weather, and resource-based economy, according to Environment Canada.

Here are some other facts about Canada and climate change:

In May, the Canadian government said it wanted to reduce carbon emissions to 30 per cent below Canada's 2005 levels. That would mean a goal of 524 megatonnes by 2030. The latest Environment Canada data from 2013 said we were at 726 megatonnes. The then-Conservative government had not presented a plan to achieve these targets.

The 30 per cent reduction would be the equivalent of removing 47.8 million cars off the road, using emissions estimates from the United States Environmental Protection Agency for a typical passenger vehicle. The new Liberal government in Ottawa hasn't said whether it plans to change these targets, but calls them a "floor."

Some key numbers:

  • 613 - Number of megatonnes of greenhouse gas that Canada produced in 1990. That's equal to 134 million cars on the road per year
  • 726 - Number of megatonnes of greenhouse gas that Canada produced in 2013. That's equal to 154 million cars on the road per year
  • 55 - Number of megatonnes of greenhouse gas generated from the oil sands. Alberta as a whole produces two fifths of Canada's emissions.

(Sources: Environment Canada and Government of Alberta)

A breakdown of 2013 carbon producers in Canada, sorted by industry, according to Environment Canada:

  • 25 per cent; oil and gas industry
  • 23 per cent; transportation
  • 12 per cent; electricity
  • 12 per cent; buildings
  • 11 per cent; emissions intensive industries and trade exposed industries such as mining, smelting, refining, processing industrial goods.
  • 10 per cent agriculture
  • 7 per cent waste and others including coal, construction and forestry.

In November, Canada pledged $2.65 billion dollars to help developing countries fight climate change.

Some facts about the international picture:

China is the world's largest greenhouse gas producer, and emitted 10 billion megatonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent in 2012, according to research from the World Resources Institute. That's about a third of the world's greenhouse gases -- and 14 times more than Canada.

The European Union says it has cut its emissions by 17.9 per cent since 1990. It has committed to bringing that number to 20 per cent by 2020. Malta, an island country in the Mediterranean that heavily depends on oil, is Europe's highest producer of greenhouse gas.

The European Union's environment agency says air pollution is the largest environmental health risk in the region, contributing to heart disease, respiratory problems and cancer. The Union says pollution caused 430,000 people to die prematurely in the region in 2012.



Advertisements

Latest Canada & World News

  • Police to update case of couple accused of bilking homeless man of GoFundMe money

    World News CBC News
    A New Jersey prosecutor says he will announce developments in a criminal investigation of a couple that raised $400,000 US for a homeless man they said helped them with a disabled car. Burlington County prosecutor Scott Coffina has scheduled a news conference for Thursday afternoon. Source
  • 'This did not need to happen': No arrests in alleged triple homicide

    Canada News CTV News
    The brother of one of three people found dead in southern Ontario earlier this month fought back tears Thursday as he urged anybody with information that might help investigators to come forward. “Please, anybody – somebody knows something,” Trevor Miller said. Source
  • Quebec judge says class action lawsuit over McDonald's Happy Meal toys can go ahead

    Canada News CTV News
    MONTREAL -- A judge has authorized a lawsuit to proceed against McDonald's Canada over the marketing of Happy Meals to Quebec children. Montreal lawyer Joey Zurkan sought authorization for a class action lawsuit, arguing promotion of the popular meals constitutes illegal advertising to children. Source
  • Prosecutor to discuss pair who raised $400K for homeless man

    World News CTV News
    MOUNT HOLLY, N.J. -- A New Jersey prosecutor says he will announce developments in a criminal investigation of a couple that raised US$400,000 for a homeless man they said helped them with a disabled car. Source
  • Kremlin critic Navalny was political prisoner, says European court

    World News CBC News
    The European Court of Human Rights ruled on Thursday that Russia's repeated arrests and detention of opposition leader Alexei Navalny were politically motivated and breached his human rights, a decision certain to displease the Kremlin. The court, based in Strasbourg, said Navalny had been subject to seven such arrests in 2012 and in 2014 and that at least two of those arrests had been designed to suppress political pluralism. Source
  • Homeowner digs in after neighbours say he can't build the house he wants

    Canada News CTV News
    Neighbours often come together to help each other out, but residents of one street in Ottawa are teaming up to stop one of their own from getting his wish.Read more on this story from CTV Ottawa Hassan Moghadam bought a property in the city’s Glebe neighbourhood. Source
  • After arrest, Michael Avenatti denies L.A. domestic violence

    World News CTV News
    LOS ANGELES - Stormy Daniels' lawyer Michael Avenatti denies allegations of domestic violence. Avenatti was arrested Wednesday near his skyscraper apartment in a ritzy area of Los Angeles. Police won't release details but say the alleged victim had visible injuries. Source
  • Newfoundland woman's search for missing relatives in California comes to difficult end

    Canada News CTV News
    LEWISPORTE, N.L. -- A Newfoundland woman who launched a desperate bid to find family members missing thousands of kilometres away in a fire-ravaged California town says the search has come to a difficult end. Megan Janes says her aunt and uncle, Paradise residents Paula and Randy Dodge, are no longer missing but also "no longer with us. Source
  • German tourist shot in head near Calgary still requires 24/7 care

    World News CBC News
    A German tourist, who visited Alberta to celebrate his 60th birthday, still requires 24/7 care and likely will never work again, says the Honorary German Consulate in Calgary. Horst Stewin, 60, was randomly shot in the head on an Alberta highway this summer. Source
  • School children among 40 injured in head-on crash of buses

    World News CTV News
    BERLIN -- Police say 40 adults and children have been injured, five of them "very seriously," in a head-on collision involving two public buses in southern Germany. A spokesman for Bavarian police said the people injured in the Thursday crash outside Nuremberg included school children, but he couldn't immediately say how many. Source