Climate quick facts: How Canada stacks up when it comes to emissions

Governments have adopted a global agreement that for the first time asks all countries to reduce or rein in their greenhouse gas emissions.

See Full Article

Canada generates less than two per cent of the world's greenhouse gas emissions, but is one of the highest emitters in the world per person, due to the country's size, the weather, and resource-based economy, according to Environment Canada.

Here are some other facts about Canada and climate change:

In May, the Canadian government said it wanted to reduce carbon emissions to 30 per cent below Canada's 2005 levels. That would mean a goal of 524 megatonnes by 2030. The latest Environment Canada data from 2013 said we were at 726 megatonnes. The then-Conservative government had not presented a plan to achieve these targets.

The 30 per cent reduction would be the equivalent of removing 47.8 million cars off the road, using emissions estimates from the United States Environmental Protection Agency for a typical passenger vehicle. The new Liberal government in Ottawa hasn't said whether it plans to change these targets, but calls them a "floor."

Some key numbers:

  • 613 - Number of megatonnes of greenhouse gas that Canada produced in 1990. That's equal to 134 million cars on the road per year
  • 726 - Number of megatonnes of greenhouse gas that Canada produced in 2013. That's equal to 154 million cars on the road per year
  • 55 - Number of megatonnes of greenhouse gas generated from the oil sands. Alberta as a whole produces two fifths of Canada's emissions.

(Sources: Environment Canada and Government of Alberta)

A breakdown of 2013 carbon producers in Canada, sorted by industry, according to Environment Canada:

  • 25 per cent; oil and gas industry
  • 23 per cent; transportation
  • 12 per cent; electricity
  • 12 per cent; buildings
  • 11 per cent; emissions intensive industries and trade exposed industries such as mining, smelting, refining, processing industrial goods.
  • 10 per cent agriculture
  • 7 per cent waste and others including coal, construction and forestry.

In November, Canada pledged $2.65 billion dollars to help developing countries fight climate change.

Some facts about the international picture:

China is the world's largest greenhouse gas producer, and emitted 10 billion megatonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent in 2012, according to research from the World Resources Institute. That's about a third of the world's greenhouse gases -- and 14 times more than Canada.

The European Union says it has cut its emissions by 17.9 per cent since 1990. It has committed to bringing that number to 20 per cent by 2020. Malta, an island country in the Mediterranean that heavily depends on oil, is Europe's highest producer of greenhouse gas.

The European Union's environment agency says air pollution is the largest environmental health risk in the region, contributing to heart disease, respiratory problems and cancer. The Union says pollution caused 430,000 people to die prematurely in the region in 2012.



Advertisements

Latest Canada & World News

  • Johnny Depp sparks controversy with presidential assassination quip

    World News CBC News
    Johnny Depp has asked a crowd at the Glastonbury Festival when was the last time an actor assassinated a president. The remarks came during a segment Thursday in which Depp was speaking about U.S. President Donald Trump. Source
  • Man warns of barbecue brush dangers after metal bristle lodges in throat

    Canada News CTV News
    When Chester Poole sat down to devour a juicy burger straight off the barbecue recently, he was expecting to chomp down on the familiar taste of grilled meat. What he experienced instead, was a sharp pain in his throat and a trip to the emergency room. Source
  • Germany tells Turkey to back off after criticism of liberal Berlin mosque

    World News CTV News
    Seyran Ates, right, founder of the Ibn-Rushd-Goethe-Mosque preaches during the opening of the mosque in Berlin, Germany, Friday, June 16, 2017. (AP Photo/Michael Sohn) Source
  • Ontario man who won $22M plans to keep his job

    Canada News CTV News
    An Ottawa-area man who won $22 million in the lottery last week says he doesn’t plan to buy a new house or fancy car but will instead use the windfall to give back to his community. Source
  • Son of Russian spies regains Canadian citizenship

    Canada News CBC News
    The Toronto-born son of Russian spies has won a court battle to regain his Canadian citizenship after it was revoked by Ottawa. The long-awaited Federal Court of Appeal decision in Alexander Vavilov's favour is the latest twist in an intriguing espionage saga that spans continents and cultures. Source
  • Q&A: A look at U.S.-Canada border after airport stabbing

    Canada News CTV News
    DETROIT -- Authorities say a Canadian man from Tunisia crossed legally into the U.S. days before stabbing a police officer in the neck at a Michigan airport. The attack raises questions about security along the northern border, including what the process is for travellers and how many people are detained or denied entry. Source
  • Authorities charge alleged mosque attacker Darren Osborne with terrorism-related murder and attempted murder

    World News Toronto Sun
    LONDON — British authorities have charged 47-year-old Darren Osborne with terrorism-related murder and attempted murder in connection with the van attack on a crowd of Muslim worshippers near two north London mosques. London police had linked the death of a 51-year-old man to the mosque attack, saying he died of “multiple injuries” after a van plowed into worshippers at a time the area was busy with people spilling out of mosques following Ramadan prayers. Source
  • Turkey rejects Gulf Arab states' demands over its Qatar base

    World News CTV News
    DUBAI, United Arab Emirates -- Turkey on Friday rejected a key demand by several Arab states involved in a major dispute with Qatar, saying Ankara has no plans to shut down its military base in the small Gulf country. Source
  • Russia fires missiles from Mediterranean at ISIS in Syria

    World News CTV News
    MOSCOW -- Russia has fired cruise missiles from the Mediterranean Sea on positions of the Islamic State group in Syria, the Defence Ministry said on Friday, Moscow's latest show of strength in the conflict wracking the Mideast country. Source
  • Chinese parents alarmed by miniature crossbow craze

    World News CTV News
    BEIJING -- Powerful mini-crossbows that shoot toothpicks and needles are the new must-have toy for schoolkids across China -- and a nightmare for concerned parents and school officials. Several cities including Shenzhen and Qingdao have reportedly banned sales of the palm-sized contraptions, which sell for about US$1 and are powerful enough to puncture soda cans, apples and cardboard, depending on the projectile. Source